While Debian, also known as Debian GNU/Linux, is a free and open-source software, developed by the community-supported Debian Project and it boasts as the oldest operating systems based on the Linux kernel.
Debian 11 release includes over 11294 new packages which takes the total to over 59551 packages, with over 42821 software packages having newer versions. Also, there are over 9519 packages removed from the distribution.
What's New in Debian 11 ‘Bullseye’ Linux Distro?
Debian 11 offers newer versions of popular applications like GIMP, LibreOffice, Emacs, and other various core applications. It features Kernel 5.10 which is the latest version, and serves as a long term support (LTS) release.
The new kernel means better support for newer hardware along with improved performance, such as support for the exFAT filesystem. And as for the desktop environments, though not the latest version of desktop environments, but newer versions are available for Debian 11 ‘Bullseye’ Linux Distro. Other major changes includes:
- Systemd journal logs are persistent by default
- New open command to automatically open files from command-line with a certain app (GUI or CLI)8
- Password hashing for local system accounts now uses yescrypt by default instead of SHA-512 for improved security
- New Fcitx 5 input method for Japanese, Chinese, Korean and several other languages
- Systemd defaults to using control groups v2 (cgroupv2)
Additionally, the new package ipp-usb is now available for Debian 11, which uses the vendor-neutral IPP-over-USB protocol supported by modern printers. Also, SANE driverless backend will allow using scanners effortlessly.
How to Upgrade to Debian 11?
For exisiting users, you can upgrade from previous Debian version, by first updating your /etc/apt/sources.list and running the commands:
sudo apt clean
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt dist-upgrade
sudo apt autoremove
And for a fresh install, Debian 11 is available for download from the official website. Note that apart from 32-bit and 64-bit PC, Debian 11 also supports 64-bit ARM (arm64), and IBM System z (s390x), along with several others.